Investing Basics for Beginners

Investing money is a way for individuals to save toward their goals, whether it be retirement, a child’s college education, or some other financial goal. Beginning investors need to take time to determine their goals and learn some basic concepts of investing before jumping right into making an investment. Successful investing takes much research, time, and patience. As beginning investors start to have some success in making money through investments, they will develop a degree of skill. However, there is still a degree of risk involved even the most seasoned and skilled investors. Finding the answers to some basic investing questions will help make the efforts of beginning investors more successful.

How much money do I need to make an investment?

One common misconception by beginning investors is that they must have a large sum of money to make an investment. The truth is, many investments can be made for as little as hundreds or perhaps a few thousand dollars. One way to begin investing small is through dividend reinvestment plans or direct stock purchase options. Investors may be able to invest in a company’s stock options by paying a minimal start-up fee, often as little as $25 or $50 and making an initial investment. Once the money begins adding up, it can then be transferred to a brokerage account, where the investor will be able to begin investing larger sums of money.

What are the different types of investing?

Once investors determine that they have enough money to make an investment, the difficult part is often deciding where to invest their money. There are many different options for investors; some of the most common investment options are mutual funds, bonds, futures, and real estate.

  • Mutual funds – A way for individuals to invest without having to manage their investment “hands-on” is through investing in mutual funds. Mutual funds are investments that are handled by a fund manager. This fund manager invests the pool of money, contributed to by several individual investors, in the financial marketplace. The funds may be invested through closed or open-ended funds. Closed funds have a set number of shares that are distributed to the public and are traded on the open market; whereas open-ended funds to do not a set number of shares. The trader will re-invest into new shares for the investor. The shares are overseen by a professional money manager who is trained to select investments that will provide the largest returns to the investor.
  • Exchange traded funds – These funds, known as ETFs, are pools of investor money that is invested in similar ways to mutual funds. However, since ETFs are designed only to track certain indexes and much of their management is computerized, their maintenance costs and fees are generally much lower.
  • Bonds – When investors purchase bonds, they are buying an interest in a company or corporation. The companies issues bonds, which is a loan from an investor. In turn, the company agrees to pay this investor back at determined intervals with interest. Investing in bonds can be a fairly secure investment. Unless the company goes bankrupt, the investor is almost certain to receive back at least the minimum amount of his investment. These interest payments at set intervals can be a source of steady income for retired couples or others wishing to create a type of investment where they can generate consistent returns. The interest earned on bonds can be tax exempt with some types of bonds.
  • Real Estate – Real estate can a good investment when the timing is right but often requires a lot of work. One easy way for investors to enter the real estate market is through a real estate investment trust, or REIT. Investors become part owners in the investments of the REIT such as malls, park garages, hotels, or other real estate ventures. REITs often pay out high cash dividends to investors because the REIT pays no federal income tax in return for paying out 90 percent or more of their profits to shareholders in the form of dividends. Another way of making money through investing in real estate is through purchasing properties, improving the properties through repairing them or adding amenities, then selling them at a profit; or renting the houses to tenants and receiving a monthly income from the payments.
  • Futures – Futures trading is the marketplace where buyers from around the world buy and sell futures contracts. A futures contract is an agreement to receive a product at a future date with a set price. Once the price is agreed upon, the price is secure for the next year regardless of the changes in the market. Some common futures markets include commodities, currencies, stock indexes, interest rates, and other alternative investments such as economic indicators. The rewards of this kind of investing can be great but so are the risks. Therefore, futures should be left to the most experienced investors.

Should I diversify or stick with one investment?

Most professional investment advisors will confirm that diversification is the key to a successful investment portfolio. Investors who spread their investments out through several avenues reduce their risk of losing all of their assets should the investment fail. While it may be tempting to dive right in and start investing large sums or money, beginning investors should balance the potential profit against the risks they are exposing themselves to in the investment marketplace.

Using the services of a professional investment advisor

A professional investment advisor can provide beginning investors with the basic information needed to start an investment portfolio. An investment advisor sometimes is also a financial planner and can help with all financial matters. Some investment advisors are paid a percentage of the value of the assets managed, while others charge an hourly fee or are paid on a commission basis.

For investors who would like to avoid these fees, the best strategy is to do some study and start with mutual funds or ETFs offered by reputable companies.

make certain you are going to recognize what your clients are declaring

Have you ever been to a business that was so amazing you told everyone you knew about how wonderful you thought it was even if you didn’t buy a single thing?

I’m not talking about a place where the employees treated you right and met your expectations because every business should do that. That’s just basic customer service!

Instead, what I am talking about is a business that had that certain something that’s hard to put your finger on. Whatever that certain something is, it made you smile long after you left. Personally, I have only been to a few businesses that had that certain something, but they all had one thing in common: They always made me feel like a VIP long before I left.

How did they do it? What secret formula did they use to make going to their business seem so magical? How can freelancers replicate this to make their clients feel truly valued?

Below are 9 ways you can make your freelance clients feel truly valued as part of your business, and even on a more personal level too.
1. Remember, Clients Are People Too!

Everyone loves to be acknowledged, even in small ways. One thing you can do is make sure to treat your clients like real people, not just robots on the other side of a computer screen.

Find out when your clients are going to be celebrating their birthdays or anniversaries so you can help them celebrate. If it works for your business model, consider offering them a special discount. Not only can this help to increase your sales, but it also makes them feel like you value them and their business. To add to the experience, use nice stationary and sign the card personally when you send it to them in the mail. Mailing a hand-written card can feel so much more special than sending an email.

Jackie Lam, founder of Cheapsters.org, said she sends handmade cards and notes to her clients to make them feel valued.

Although fun occasions are great, it’s important to be there for clients during tough times too. Sarah Bettencourt said she tries to remember her clients are people too.

“I’ve sent some of them flowers when they’ve experienced a loss or illness,” she said. “Sometimes I call them up and have a heart-to-heart with them either about a difficult situation or to praise them for their accomplishments.”
2. Give Personal Attention

Nothing says VIP like having someone roll out the red carpet for you and then take you on a tour. However you also don’t want to suffocate your clients or customers. Don’t pounce on them the moment they get through the door. If your clients do business with you online instead of in a storefront, don’t bombard them with e-mails and calls so that they feel overwhelmed. You may turn them off if they feel you are pressuring them which could cause you to lose their business instead.

Finding the right balance of personal attention without crossing the line into pushiness may seem tricky, but it’s really about letting them know you are there for them and their needs. Be visible and available so they know you are there to help them. Greet them by name and make them feel like they are your top priority. They will feel valued as a result and it may be exactly what brings them back to do repeat business with you.
3. Thank Them

Whenever you can, thank your clients for doing business with you. Once again, you don’t want to overdo it because it will come across as false. Always be genuine when you thank them because your clients and customers can spot a fake easily, which may cause them to feel lied to and cost you a client. If you want to win client and customer loyalty you need to be authentic.

One way to thank your clients and customers is to offer them something special at the holidays such as a small gift or card.

Manuscript editor, Megan Harris, said she sent custom Christmas gifts to many of her clients to show her appreciation.

“Newer clients got Starbucks gift cards. Clients I have had for years got stuff like fingerless gloves, dice for tabletop gaming, rear view mirror decals, comic books, etc.,” she said. “I might not send as many custom gifts next year but they were surprises and everyone loved it.”

Or, hold a client and customer appreciation day to thank them for choosing to do business with you. Remember, they are the reason you are in business so make them feel appreciated.
4. Create a VIP List

If you have a few clients who are very loyal to you and do a lot of business with you, create a VIP list of just those individuals. You could host a special sale just for them, or open your business during off hours for a special VIP event. Of course, you still want to treat all of your clients and customers like they are queens and kings. Having a VIP list simply acknowledges the volume of business some of your clients do with you and thanks them for their patronage.
5. Listen to Feedback

By collecting a little bit of information from your clients, you can find out what they like and dislike. Doing this enables you to make changes to appeal to their tastes so you can not only increase your sales, but really cater to them and make them feel truly valued. You could also use the information to let them know when new products or services you know they will like become available. Always look for ways to improve what you have to offer in the spirit of wanting to help them.
6. Become Their Customer

One way to help your clients feel valued is to turn the tables and become their customer. If your clients also have businesses or products, keep them in mind when you need services or products they have available. If they find out you did business out of town or with someone else who is not a customer of yours, they could ditch you and find someone else to give their business to.
7. Stay Presentable

In order to make your clients feel like they are special, you have to become something special as well. If you have a storefront it needs to always be picked up, clean, and well displayed. You need the right lighting, music, and even temperature to entice your clients and customers to stay longer and shop more. Use special wrapping paper and wrap gifts for them during holidays or for birthdays. Do anything and everything to make your store or business top notch and extra special because your customers deserve it.

If you conduct your business on-line instead of in a physical location, keep your website and mobile websites updated. Make it as easy as possible to conduct business with you by making changes and updates when necessary.
8. Communicate

Keep your clients and customers informed of what is new with your business. Let them know if you are offering new products or services and when they are coming. Are you planning to have a special sale or promotion? Send out an invitation or newsletter to let your customers know. Include a promotional sale with limited availability and dates to let them know the products you are offering are special.
9. Treat Employees or Contractors Well

You can tell a lot about a business by how they treat their employees as well as their customers. Do you have employees or staff that you have hired in your business? If so, you need to treat them like gold.

Having a great team can make or break your entire business. When your employees feel valued, they are going to brag about working for you and how wonderful it is. You don’t inspire employee loyalty solely from employee discounts. Instead, treat them well. Thank them for working for you. Acknowledge them in front of others when you can without overdoing it and appearing false. Reward creative ideas or when you do an amazing job. Feature a section in a regular newsletter with an employee product or pick of the month or quarter. Help them if they are struggling in certain areas.

I don’t know if you have noticed, but there has been a recurring theme throughout the above ways to make your clients feel truly valued. It is to treat people well. In some cases, you have to treat people better than they may even deserve. But putting real effort into making your clients and customers feel special can have amazing rewards for your business. It will not only make your customers feel special, but it will make your business special as a result.

the key elements of great shirts

The first step to designing awesome t-shirts is planning. Think about the kind of t-shirts you want to design. Do you want an image, slogan or combination of the two? Will they be vintage inspired, pop culture or geeky? It is also a good idea to think about who you want to design your t-shirts for. If it’s just for yourself, that’s fairly easy, but if you are looking to sell your t-shirts and make some money, it’s worth narrowing down your target market and taking a look at what they are interested in and what they are wearing. Once you have a solid idea of what type of t-shirts you want to design and what would appeal to your target customer, it’s time to get designing! There are a few things your t-shirts will need, if they are to really stand out:

Colour: This is one of the most important elements of any great tee. The right colour scheme can really make your design stand out. It is worth taking some time to play around with different combinations to see what works – if your colour sense leaves a little to be desired, or if you’re just after a few new ideas, there are plenty of online colour matching sites, which can come up with contrasting and matching colour combinations. Don’t forget to keep it simple. Black and white t-shirts sell the best. Also, the more colours you have, the higher your printing costs will be and you run the risk of your t-shirts looking chaotic and messy rather than eye-catching and distinctive.

Graphic: There are a number of images which are popular on t-shirts at the moment and if you’re looking for mass market appeal, you might want to consider incorporating one of these in your overall design. Animals seem to have a fairly timeless appeal as does nature. Think about using common images in an interesting or unusual way for a twist on the conventional.

Placement: Most graphics are placed on the front upper area of the chest. Don’t try and reinvent the t-shirt wheel, here!

Material: Really great t-shirts not only look good, they feel great to wear. Ensure your customers get the most out of your t-shirts and that they become a staple of their wardrobe, by sourcing good quality and long-lasting t-shirt blanks like American Apparel. Good quality materials and the best quality printing should also help make your t-shirts look much better than cheap fabric and printing.

Not every job there is demands the typical suit and tie. There are more jobs that require a more comfortable and easy to wear uniforms. These jobs, particularly jobs that require manual labor obliges you to be at your best physical capacity. And most of the time, your shirt or your uniform just doesn’t do the job for you. As an employer, you should be able to know what makes your employees more comfortable as it is on them that the quality of jobs in your company depends.

As an employer, you may be asking why you would need embroidered work wear for your employees. Meanwhile, if you are an employee, you may also be wondering why you have to wear your company’s embroidered work wear. Well, not only are these work wears comfortable and convenient but they also give you benefits that you may never have thought of before. Now, take a look at these whys on wearing embroidered work wears:

First, embroidered work wears can be good advertising strategy for your company. Since embroidered work wears usually have the company’s logo, brand name and the likes, customers are more likely to get to know your product or your company. It is a subtle way of advertising your company or your brand.

Secondly, embroidered work wears attract customers and more potential customers to your company. You can actually print the address and contact information of your company on the embroidered work wear and voila, you can have more customers looking for your company or establishment for that matter. Now, you have a wider range of market for your company.

Embroidered work wears can also feature each of your employee’s names printed on. This move may aid your employees to easily interact with your customers, and thus establishing friendlier platforms for them. In this way, customers can very much likely communicate with your employees easier and more conveniently.

Also, getting your employees involved in simple matters of decision in the company such as deciding what color of the work wears should you have and others is also another good reason for the presence of having work wears. Through this, you get let them know that their decisions also matter to you and the company.

Finally, embroidered work wears are also very good comfort clothing for your employees. This may pave the way for healthier working environment. Then, more work is done and more quality and quantity of tasks are accomplished when your employees are inspired and satisfied first with what they wear for work.

So, hurry now! Come and join in the excitement of providing your employees their personalized embroidered work wears.

Experience the Artistry of an Ed Hardy Shirt

The Ed Hardy shirt is based on the fantasy designs of Don Ed Hardy, which features skulls, tigers, snakes and mermaids. This California tattoo artist has enjoyed worldwide acclaim for his technical ability and creative imagination that has transformed his designs into a complete fashion line manufactured by the famous designer Christian Audigier. Today, over 5,000 celebrities have indulged their love of tattoos through this wearable body art that satisfies the desire without sacrifice.

Don Ed Hardy’s career as a tattoo artist began in 1967 after he received a BFA degree from San Francisco Art Institute in printmaking. In the 70s and 80s, Don Ed Hardy lived in Japan and refined his skill with traditional tattoo masters.

With more than four decades of tattooing experience, Don Ed Hardy’s skillful experimentation is the reason why he has achieved legendary status and is often referred to as “the Godfather of the Modern Tattoo.” Over the years he has used art history to inspire his talent. He has masterfully combined icons from American, Japanese, and Cholo, cultures with surf, tattoo and hotrod designs to give his work a mesmerizing effect

Hardy signed a license agreement with Ku USA, Inc. in 2002 to manufacture a clothing line based on his art. Other major apparel makers began to show interest in his designs two years after the agreement was signed.

Christian Audigier was one of the fashion designers that were astounded by the imagery of Don Ed Hardy’s tattoo art themes such as “Love Kills Slowly.” Don Ed Hardy and Audigier signed a licensing agreement in 2004 that granted the designer exclusive rights to use his designs as the “Ed Hardy” brand. The street culture clothing line has virtually created a lifestyle couture since its beginning.

Today Christian Audigier lives in Los Angeles, but he was born in France in the southern city of Avignon. Before he created the Ed Hardy brand, he was Head Designer and marketing genius for Von Dutch Originals. Audigier is the person who promoted the imagery of Kustom Kulture artist Von Dutch to legendary status in the fashion map and had the celebrities in a mad dash to wear it. Audigier’s title: “The King of Jeans” comes from his success as a designer for companies such as; “American Outfitters,” “Diesel,” “Fiorucci” and “Levi’s.”

Audigier’s success is because of his love of the entertainer lifestyle and his charisma. This close relationship to the entertainment world is at the heart of his promotional method of marketing directly to a celebrity clientele.

In addition to the Ed Hardy shirt, the brand features a full line of clothing items and accessories for women and men. Audigier’ company Nervous Tattoo employs more than 45,000 people worldwide who produce six other clothing lines including: the new lines of “C-Bar-A”, “Chuck Boyd”, and “Paco Chicano” along with “Christian Audigier”, SMET”, “and Crystal Rock.”

Trent Reznor is a Genius

After watching a video that was posted from the 2009 MIDEM convention, where speaker Michael Masnik of the company Floor 64/ Techdirt got up and spoke on behalf of recording artist, Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails, I was inspired to write this article and post my own thoughts about our ever changing music industry. Their have been so many ideas about what we can do to stop all the free downloads that have been hurting sales of CD’s and costing the record labels, millions of dollars a year. But really none of them compare to how TR has come up with a solution, that interacts with his fans, and has created a revenue stream that works for him and his peers.

As in any business, you have to have a good business model to think that your going to have any sort of success in what it is your offering. In the music industry, your key source to having any success, is building a strong fan base. That has always been the case. In the past, before the internet was a big part of our lives everything was done hard mail. You would have your fan club address printed on the sleeve of your CD or LP depending on what era you came from and the true fans that actually read those sleeves would sign up to receive info of up and coming concerts, release dates of new recordings, merchandise or just get a quick note from the artist telling the fans what they are up to. That business model has always worked and will always be the core to good business.

But now with the ever growing internet, where everything we do in our lives is either posted, blogged, forumed or MySpaced, there are many different ways to market yourself. It has also giving opportunity to have someone take your music for free, which is why I’m writing this article in the first place. But what TR has done to sort of control the bleeding is he has giving his fans free downloads of his music which has brought his fans to his site in the millions. He has created this sort of game of clue, where he had encrypted a message on his tour t-shirts that when you put the letters together, it took you to a web site saying he has left concert tickets in a wash some where in Los Angeles, to create a search for the holy grail, to get great seats and a couple of back stage passes. He has dropped USB sound bytes of new songs in bathroom stalls at the concerts for fans to find, which all leads to great marketing and connecting with his fans, which then leads them to buy exclusive merchandise and recordings. The most important thing here folks, is making the fans the most important thing. When you create a buzz about yourself or in this case, create a real time game with the fans, you are becoming something bigger then your product your trying to sell. That’s where loyalty comes in.

Trent Reznor has started a trend to teach new bands and other well know bands, how to market themselves out of the box. I hope this is a wave others will catch and learn how to take their talents to the next level. It’s all up to you.

Web Traffic Genius Review – Generate Web Traffic Software

A lot of people that have their own website, only have one true complaint about it. The complaint is they are not being able to obtain the amount of traffic that they desire. Well, there is Web Traffic Genius software that generates back links that you can utilize to help you increase the amount of people that visit your site daily.

When it comes to back-links there are a few things that you should be made aware of. A lot of people believe that the more back-links their website has the more traffic they can expect to receive to their site. This is actually a true, but falsified statement.

First thing is first, the back links that you have on your website should be related to the theme of your website. For example if your site is selling vitamins, you do not want a back link that is from a site that sells t-shirts. Plus search engines will not recognize the back-links if they do not have anything to do with the theme of your website.

Every page that is present on the internet is given a page rank. The page ranking scale goes from numbers 0 all the way up to 10. The Web Traffic Genius software that you get should allow you the opportunity to only obtain back-links that are a page rank 5 or higher.

If you obtain back-links that are from a site that has a lower page ranking, it can actually cause your websites page ranking to falter. Higher ranking back-links are what you are seeking, in order to help you generate the type of traffic that you desire.

This Web Traffic Genius software is specifically designed to assist you in obtaining the type of backlinks that you desire. Searching for back-links on your own can take an incredibly long time to do. So, the software takes the worry out of searching and allows you the opportunity to basically generate traffic without any qualms.

Back-links are imperative to increasing your websites page ranking. As long as you have a justifiable amount of back-links on your website you would be surprised at the amount of people that visit your site daily. The more traffic you generate equates out to higher revenue for you.

Tie Dye T-Shirt – Create Your Own and Flaunt It!

Are you bored of wearing your shirt but cannot throw it away? Do you have several old shirts that you rarely wear? Maybe you have other shirts that have simply gone out of fashion and you do not use them. You should not continue keeping those old garments when you can use them to make something wearable. Tie-dye is a process of dyeing fabric by tying it up at various places with strings or rubber bands. Using this technique, you can convert your old shirt into a brand new tie-dye t-shirt.

If you are very creative, you can first design your shirt. It will help you in the tying process. Then you must select the colors you wish to see on your shirt. When it comes to tie dye you can let loose the designing genius in you. You can even buy plain white shirts from the various shops and department stores. You could also place an order online. However, nothing compares to creating your own tie-dye shirt. It will be like a great weekend activity and you can even include your kids to be a part of this activity.

Firstly, you must grab your old shirt (or a new if you wish to create on a new shirt), plastic bags, squeeze bottles, gloves, soda ash, rubber bands, fabric dye and a bucket. Except for the fabric dye, you will mostly get everything in your own house itself. You could do the entire process on your own or even buy tie-dye kits available in the market. These kits come with complete instructions that will guide you through the entire process.

Before beginning on the shirt, you can practice on some swatches of cloth. That will ensure you do not make mistakes and ruin your shirt. You will get various designs depending on where you knot the fabric or whether you squeeze it or fasten it like a robe. You can adopt various patterns. If you search on the Internet, there are sites that give you detailed procedure to get the different designs. You can even buy books. There are plenty of books available.

Let me explain how you can make your own tie-dye t-shirt in a few simple steps:

1. First, choose a 100% cotton or linen shirt, either your old shirt or a new if you wish. Wash it well.
2. Place this shirt on a flat table where you can work.
3. Knot the shirt at a few places or you can twist it and fasten with rubber bands or strings tightly.
4. Make the dye reading the instructions carefully. Either you can get ready tie-dye kits or you can source the dyes from the right place.
5. Dye the shirt by soaking for a minimum of twenty minutes.
6. Rinse the shirt in cold water.
7. Remove the knots and rinse the shirt again
8. Dry the shirt indoors, not in the sun.

People take pride in wearing their own tie-dye t-shirt. It is a fun activity and the shirt never goes out of fashion. So, what are you waiting for?

A History of the T-shirt

Know the history of the tee? How did the t-shirt get its start in the beginning of the twentieth century? How did the t-shirt become an American favorite? We’re now into the twenty-first century, and the t-shirt remains as popular as ever.

T-shirts of yesteryear were nothing like the t-shirts you know today. It was common knowledge that the first t-shirts, as you will learn, were clearly considered something to be worn underneath clothing. Certainly, the t-shirts of old were not part of a stand-alone industry, nor were they a mode of advertising.

Believe it or not, before the 20th century, there was no consensus that underwear should be included as an essential part of one’s wardrobe. Most late 19th century folks wore something like an extended shirt called the “Spiral Bustle.” Then in 1901 the predecessor to Hanes introduced for sale through catalog men’s underwear, a two-piece set.

The birth of the t-shirt appears to be accredited to the navy (and lots of sailors). No one seems to know for certain when the first t-shirt was made. As early as 1913 the U.S. Navy adopted a revolutionary new garment, a short-sleeved, crew-necked, white cotton undershirt. This garment was to be worn underneath a jumper. And what was the purpose of this undershirt? One must avoid scandalous sights, otherwise known as sailors’ chest hairs. The standard issue shirt had somewhat of the silhouette of a “T”, thus the name “t-shirt” was born.

It is also notable that during WWI while European soldiers were wearing cooler, comfy, lightweight, cotton undershirts in the humid, hot summer days, that American troops took notice. These duds were nothing like the American wool uniforms soldiers wore.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary listed “T-Shirt” as an official word in the American English language by the 1920’s. Around the late 1930’s that companies including Fruit of the Loom, Hanes and Sears & Roebuck began the marketing of the t-shirt.

As of W.W. II, the Army and 12 million Navy sailors had t-seasy rider,hirts as standard issue underwear. “Skivvies”, these new, inexpensive undergarments became known as. America saw, began to get comfortable with, and reveled secretly, daily news images of their wartime sons, wearing t-shirts (dressed barely, but with pants of course). Underwear was being worn as outerwear. Rules were flaunted about undergarments. Taboos were violated with this show of male sexuality.

Still, by and large, the t-shirt was an undergarment meant not to be seen. In 1934, however, Clark Gable shocked everyone, as he stripped off his dress shirt in the movie “It Happened One Night,” to reveal no t-shirt at all. Women swooned, and men as well. Still, the t-shirt kept itself under wraps, to be worn primarily underneath a work or proper dress shirt.

The idea continued to quickly catch on, and due to simple design, a few years later, with the leave of many sailors during the war, the popular civilian “union suit” was reduced to a “singlet” or “jersey.” In 1938, Sears introduced a t-shirt they called a “gob” shirt (named after sailors). A “gob” shirt cost 24 cents. The t-Shirt would become an empty canvas, which was allowing men to present themselves in an erotic sense and show their gender.

The t-shirt was becoming appropriate to wear as an undergarment or as an outer one. The Marines standard issue white t-shirt was replaced with sage green for camouflage purposes. In 1944, the Army surveyed enlisted men as to preference of sleeves or sleeveless. Most preferred sleeves, due to better appearance, absorption under arms, among other reasons.

The t-shirt would never be the same. Along with worldwide upheaval, WWII brought along as well the first printed t-shirts. On display at The Smithsonian Institute is the oldest printed shirt on record. This t-shirt is from Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey’s 1948 presidential campaign and sports “Dew-It with Dewey”.

After the end of WWII, the t-shirt became the garment able to clearly display and advertise it all: cultural affiliation, class, and sexual orientation. 180 million t-shirts were sold in 1951. The rise of the t-Shirt can be traced back to the movies, and of course those big-screen movie stars: Marlon Brando, John Wayne, James Dean, and a young Elvis Presley who did their part to make the t-shirt, outerwear appropriate, or sexy to say the least.

1951’s “A Streetcar Named Desire” featured Marlon Brando’s portrayal of Stanley Kowalski, lovelorn, brutish, and primitive, riveting viewers as his buff pectorals and abs revealed themselves as unveiled by a stretched, paper-thin t-shirt. Some felt the picture created was one of a dangerous, incoherent kind of manhood, a sexualized brutality.

1955’s “Rebel Without a Cause” showed James Dean wearing a t-shirt without another shirt overtop. He made the t-shirt cool, a contemporary symbol of rebellious youth. Still, t-shirts were meant primarily for men.

In 1959, Plastisol, a stretchable ink was invented, starting a revolution in t-shirt design. After that came the iron-on transfer, and finally litho transfer. Thus was the birth of the t-shirt industry. Now marketing geniuses, like Walt Disney, “flocked” letters and simple designs onto t-shirts to be sold as souvenirs to both men and women.

Still the advertising evolution of the t-shirt would be slow. The military was first to stencil company and rank on their t-shirts. Also, Ivy League Universities made clear advertisement of fraternities on their tees. Budweiser was the first to do actual “corporate-advertising” in the late 1060’s, when they sported a Bud can on their company tees.

During the ’60s, the hippies abandoned traditional dress for tie-dye. Of course, the t-shirt became one of the cheapest and easiest garments to purchase and dye. Folks began tie-dying and screen-printing basic cotton tees, helping it to even bigger commercial success. In 1969, t-shirt wearing hippies took on the Establishment in Easy Rider. Also, advances in printing and dying allowed more variety and the introduction of muscle shirts, scoop necks, v-necks and tanks into modern fashion.

Throughout the late 60’s and 70’s, the American Tee was in full bloom. Rock and Roll bands began to realize that they could make significant amounts of money selling their t-shirts. Professional Sports caught on and soon the officially licensed t-shirt became hot merchandise. 1977’s “The Deep”, helped to form the sexual revolution of the 1970’s by means of Jacqueline Bisset’s wet tee.

What about the t-shirt in the ’80’s and ’90’s? Remember Don Johnson’s designer-tee and Armani suit combo ala Miami Vice? And what about the most memorable recent tee-film from 1996 “Mission: Impossible”, just a bit of Tom Cruise, clad in tee, doing some serious hanging from a wire. The 80’s and 90’s both saw amazing production of t-shirts with improved mechanics of printing them in increased volume for increased availability. The American t-shirt has now become known as a commodity item. More than one billion t-shirts were sold in 1995.

And now, with the advent of the internet, the t-shirt continues to become even bigger. Tee art symbolizes the cultural and social climates of our generation. Tees tell the story perfectly, and now more than ever, the t-shirt is becoming an even more individualistic mode of personal expression.

T-Shirt Printing Designs For Geeks

T-shirts are the best mediums to express who you really are. Whether you are young and flirty, dark and sassy, or just plain tough, designing the t-shirt and printing it will reveal what you really feel or think. For the geeky and the geek-at-heart, there are a few t-shirt printing artwork that just puts a big smile on one’s face. Here are the top ten t-shirt printing artwork for geeks.

There’s No Place Like 127.0.0.1
Any computer geek will immediately know what the text means. The IP address 127.0.0.1 is the standard IP for the local host. And the local host is usually called Home. So the text actually reads: “There’s no place like Home.”

Geek Love Poem
This shirt is actually sweet, if you think about it. But then, only geek girls would find the hex codes for colors sweet and romantic. The geeky love poem reads: “Roses are #FF0000; Violets are #0000FF; All My Base Are Belong To You.” The last line refers to an Internet Meme that spread in 2000 to 2002, originating from the opening cut scene of the 1991 European Sega Mega Drive version of the video game Zero Wing.

Steampunk designs
A geek will surely appreciate a steampunk design on t-shirts. Any artwork is good as long as the inside of an engine or clock is visible, complete with all the nuts and bolts. Steampunk refers to the style and art genres that meld the Victorian era inventions with modern technology. The steampunk science fiction and fantasy genres include the works of HG Wells and Jules Verne.

Shirt
The tags are the most common HTML elements recognized by geeks. Any self-respecting programmer and those who work for websites should know about these famous tags. Indicating a BODY by wearing a t-shirt printing the code for all to see is plain genius.

Geek Inside Maternity Shirt
This is one maternity shirt every geek girl expecting a mini-geek should wear. “Geek Inside” is a play of words on the famous “Intel Inside” slogan for the giant microchip company, Intel.

I Will Not Fix Your Computer
A common misconception of computer geeks is that all of them know how to fix a computer. One geek may know how, but not all. Besides, geeks can be fickle creatures. They may fix your computer if they like you very much. If not, then sorry, compadre!

PEBKAC
PEBKAC is a common acronym among System Admins. It actually stands for “Problem Exists Between Keyboard And Chair,” which refers to the common notion that computers are not the problem, but the users who are not sufficiently trained to use the machines.

There are only 10 types of people in the world: Those who understand binary and those who don’t.
This one sentence can baffle most people who expect 10 to mean ten. In the world of computers, binary language is composed of only 1s and 0s. The sentence means there are only two types of people: one who understands binary and one who does not.

I failed the Turing test.
The Turing test refers to the theory that an Artificial Intelligence, commonly encountered in the form of a chat bot, can fool most people into thinking they are having a nice conversation with another human being. If you fail the Turing test, then you are definitely nearer to being stupid. Chat bots are very easy to detect, especially when they start telling you they do not understand a sentence that is fairly easy to understand.

Brain Loading… 45% Please Wait.
Wear this shirt when you are half-awake, or half-asleep. Either condition applies. Just like a loading icon flashing its progress, the Brain Loading shirt is cool for sleepwear. However, this kind of shirt is definitely not work wear, or your boss would think less of you.

Obviously, the geeky t-shirt printing artworks have been chosen based on their attractiveness to the author’s personal preferences. You may also have noticed that the interactive t-shirts and animated t-shirts were not included. The list simply focuses on designs that were applied through t-shirt printing methods. Batteries should not be included.

Choosing a Retro Argentina Football Kit – A Look at 2 Famous Argentina Football Shirts From the Past

The blue and white stripes of those Argentina football shirts from the past are perhaps even as iconic as the yellow and blue kits of Brazil. That is why the retro Argentina football kit is so sought after these days, especially Argentina football shirts from the seventies and eighties.

Diego Maradona the manager has really struggled to get his Argentinean team to qualify for this year’s World Cup finals, in South Africa. At one point during qualification it looked like the unthinkable might happen and that the World’s biggest football competition would be without one of its most flamboyant teams. Thankfully, that was not the case, but nonetheless the current side does not appear to be the force that it was when Maradona the player was the star of the team.

Below we look at two famous Argentina football shirts from the past, from a time when the “La Albiceleste” were the best team in the world.

Argentina 1978 World Cup Shirt

The Argentina 1978 World Cup strip is a retro Argentina football kit from one of the most memorable tournaments of all. Argentina were on home soil and so were well fancied, however, they were up against the “total football” of the Dutch, who were extremely unlucky in the 1974 World Cup and were expected to win it this time round.

The final between Argentina and Holland was a classic, with Johan Cruyff the star of the show. However, Argentina had their stars too, including Ossie Ardiles, just before his groundbreaking transfer to Tottenham Hotspur later that summer. They also had Mario Kempes, who was the leading goal scorer in the 1978 tournament, scoring a total of six goals, including two in the final itself.

Argentina managed to beat Holland 3-1 after extra time to win the World Cup and ensure that the 1978 World Cup shirt would become one of the most iconic Argentina football shirts of all time.

Argentina 1986 World Cup Shirt

The Argentina 1986 World Cup strip is another retro football kit featuring the famous blue and white stripes. It is nearly always associated with one man, a football genius who practically single-handedly won Argentina their second World Cup. That man of course was Diego Maradona and it is partly because of those performances wearing that particular retro Argentina football kit that he is considered by many to be the greatest footballer that ever lived.

These vintage football shirts have such a classic look to them and really do look great with a pair of jeans and trainers. As well as the classic blue and white stripes, the retro football kit features the gold and blue Argentinean shield.